The Jewel from the Stars

50,000 years ago a meteorite slammed into Earth in Northern Arizona. Little did the cavemen know they witnessed an event that would later create a beautiful jewel known as a Moissanite.
When the meteorite hit, fragments of material foreign to Earth dispersed across the Arizona desert.
In 1893 a French scientist by the name of Dr. Henry Moissan (hence the name Moissanite) discovered a fragment from the meteorite and determined it was made of silicon carbide.
The potential of this mineral wasn’t realized until 100 years later. Naturally occurring Moissanite is basically nonexistent, except for the few fragments found from the meteorite. In the 80’s a North Carolina Company called Cree developed a way to grow silicon carbide crystals in larger quantities for electronics.
Moissanite’s beauty wasn’t recognized until 1995 when a master diamond cutter was so enamored with the Moissanite crystal and its properties that he decided he wanted to cut and facet it, transforming the Moissanite into a brilliant stone. 
After 3 years of intensive research Charles and Colvard along with Cree introduced the Moissanite stone for jewelry. They are still the only company in the world who grows Moissanite.
 
Characteristics of a Moissanite
There is a strict process when it comes to growing a Moissanite and having each stone meet the standards for a quality jewel. When a Moissanite is grown it results in a raw crystal form. Each crystal is then evaluated for quality, color and clarity. Only the crystal that meets the highest quality standards are allowed to be cut and faceted. From there Charles and Colvard specialists determine what shape and size the Moissanite will become.
The most popular Moissanite shape is a round, essentially because a round Moissanite is the most brilliant and whitest of all the cuts. Though a round is the most popular shape a wide range of fancy cuts are available.
In terms of color if a Moissanite were to be graded like a diamond all the Moissanite for sale would be graded in the near colorless range, making for a stone facing up very white. For those that like a little added color Moissanite is also available in a vibrant green or yellow.
Clarity is not an issue when it comes to Moissanite. Since diamonds are naturally created some may have more inclusions than others, but because Moissanite are grown if they were to be graded on a diamond’s scale the clarity would be equivalent to a diamond’s VS clarity, or very slight inclusions which can only be seen under magnification.
Once Moissanite is cut they are thoroughly inspected by trained graders and scaled specific to a Moissanite, so you never have to worry about the quality of a Moissanite. The only ones sold are very good quality, so none are visibly imperfect.
Every Moissanite comes with a Charles and Colvard certificate of authenticity which includes a limited warranty that ensures Moissanite will never change color, fade, or lose its brilliance or fire.
 
A Diamond Alternative?
A diamond develops over thousands and thousands of years, making each one unique. Just because a Moissanite is lab grown doesn’t mean it isn’t unique. Moissanite is a beautiful jewel all its own.
For those that want the diamond look but don’t want to shell out the big bucks Moissanite is an option in affordable luxury. Moissanite retails for about 1/10th the cost of a diamond.
A Moissanite is a wonderful stone for any piece of jewelry because it is second in hardness only to a diamond, which means it will take everyday wear and will last a lifetime. On the Moh’s scale of hardness which characterizes the scratch resistance and abrasion of a stone, a diamond is a 10, the hardest a mineral can be and a Moissanite is a9.25 making it highly resistant to breaking and chipping.
When comparing a Diamond and a Moissanite there is no doubt that a Moissanite surpasses a diamond in terms of brilliance and fire. Brilliance is essentially the brightness of a stone and also refers to the refractive index which measures brilliance. The brilliance of a Moissanite is between 2.65-2.69 and a Diamond is 2.42, which makes Moissanite’s refractive index 10% higher than a diamond. Even 10% can make a big difference in terms of sparkle.
A Moissanite could be used as a diamond alternative because of its similarities with a diamond, but a Moissanite should also be revered as its own jewel since it has the properties and characteristics unlike any other stone.
Come take a look at this brilliant jewel here at Wheat Jewelers and decide for yourself.

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