• Considered the true birthstone for November.
• Comes in many colors but for November the most popular are shades of Yellow and Red.
• Most popular is the Imperial Topaz, which was named after Russian Czars in the 1800s. It has an orange body color with pinkish undertones. Only the royals were allowed to wear it.
• Since ancient times Topaz has often been confused with Citrine.
• The ancient Greeks wore Topaz because they believed it gave them strength.
• The word Topaz comes from an Indian word Topas or Tapaz meaning fire.
• In Europe during the Renaissance people though Topaz could break magic spells and dispel anger.
• Topaz can be delicate and requires special care to avoid breaking under rough wear.
• Warm, soapy water is the best way to clean a Topaz.
• Said to be a gift from the sun.
• Citrine is French for lemon.
• The color ranges from lemon yellow to orangey brown.
• In ancient times it was carried as protection against snake venom and evil thoughts.
• Natural Citrine is rare, so most are the result of Amethyst being heat treated, since Amethyst and Citrine are both Quartz.
• One of the most popular and affordable gemstones, sizes up to 20 carats are readily available.
• Abrupt temperature changes can cause fracture, so clean Citrine with warm soapy water.